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Foundations of Science

Reducing the Pull of Memories to Fight Drug Addiction Relapse

Reducing the Pull of Memories to Fight Drug Addiction Relapse

Reducing the Pull of Memories to Fight Drug...

Sscientific evidence has established that drug addiction is a chronic illness that produces lasting changes to the brain’s chemistry and function. The latest brain research reveals that drug addiction may have such a powerful grip on individuals because it affects our learning and memory...

Decoding Science: Cytokines

Decoding Science: Cytokines

Decoding Science: Cytokines

From the Greek “cyto” for cell and “kinos” for movement, cytokines orchestrate the immune system’s activity, and may be the key to understanding and treating autoimmune disorders.

Coffee Doesn’t Give You the Jitters, Alcohol Makes You Blush: Thank Your Genes

Coffee Doesn’t Give You the Jitters, Alcohol Makes You Blush: Thank Your Genes

Coffee Doesn’t Give You the Jitters, Alcohol...

Genetic differences influence how we respond to certain medicines and chemicals. Ever wonder why certain people turn beet red after a glass of wine or others can drink multiple espresso shots and not feel the least bit jittery? Our genes code for the enzymes that metabolize these substances...

Science Fact or Science Fiction? A Vaccine Only Protects The Person Who Receives It

Science Fact or Science Fiction? A Vaccine Only Protects The Person Who Receives It

Science Fact or Science Fiction? A Vaccine Only...

By receiving a vaccine, there’s a good chance you’re helping more people than just yourself. The reason for that is a phenomenon known as herd immunity, or community immunity. In any given population, not all people are able to receive or benefit from vaccines because their immune systems are not...

Group B Strep: A Dangerous Infection in Infants and Adults

Group B Strep: A Dangerous Infection in Infants and Adults

Group B Strep: A Dangerous Infection in Infants...

Despite advances in treatment and prevention, Group B strep continues to be the leading cause of dangerous infections in newborns, pregnant mothers and adults.  

How Genetically Related Are We to Bananas?

How Genetically Related Are We to Bananas?

How Genetically Related Are We to Bananas?

We’ve long known that we’re closely related to chimpanzees and other primates, but did you know that humans also share more than half of our genetic material with chickens, fruit flies, and bananas?

Science Fact or Science Fiction? Lactic Acid Buildup Causes Muscle Fatigue and Soreness

Science Fact or Science Fiction? Lactic Acid Buildup Causes Muscle Fatigue and Soreness

Science Fact or Science Fiction? Lactic Acid...

What does science say about whether lactic acid is indeed the culprit in muscle fatigue and what’s known as delayed onset muscle soreness?

What’s on the Y Chromosome Handed Down From Father to Son?

What’s on the Y Chromosome Handed Down From Father to Son?

What’s on the Y Chromosome Handed Down From...

Among the many things parents hand down to their children are 23 pairs of chromosomes – those thread-like structures in the nucleus of every cell containing the genetic instructions for every person. Here’s a look at the Y chromosome and the role it plays in deciphering ancestry.

Bodily Functions Explained: Spicy Food Reaction

Bodily Functions Explained: Spicy Food Reaction

Bodily Functions Explained: Spicy Food Reaction

Spicy food contains chemicals that trick the body into cranking up its internal air-conditioning system, triggering responses from head to toe and involving everything from the respiratory to the circulatory system.

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